WORD OF THE DAY

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feudal

The title of giudice was abolished and a feudal marquisate substituted.

the feudal assembly of the tenants-in-chief; but it assumed a more definite character during the reign of Henry I., when its members, fewer in number, were the officials of the royal household and other friends and attendants of the king.

between master and servant) retains an almost feudal strength.

The Code regulates the feudal position of certain classes.

Agreeably to feudal customs, these nobles, as they grew in power, retired from the town, and built themselves fortresses on points of vantage in the neighborhood.

Within those precincts the bishops and the citizens were independent of all feudal masters but the emperor.

Within those precincts the bishops and the citizens were independent of all feudal masters but the emperor.

These were lands over which, in distinction front the other feudal lands, rights of pasture, cutting of wood, &c. &c., existed.

In this concordat a distinction was made between spiritual investiture, by the ring and pastoral staff, and lay or feudal investiture, by the sceptre.

The the cities charters were of the nature of a treaty between the in the citynd its feudal lord and the differed much in Nether Y, Y lands.

The prestige of the empire~ based upon Roman law and feudal tradition, attracts imaginatiw patriots and systematic thinkers.

Ranulf Flambard, working together the detached feudal usages of earlier times into a compact and logical system of feudal law, was as characteristic a type of the people as any warrior in the Conqueror's following.

As the bishops had helped to free them from subservience to their feudal masters, so the war of investitures relieved them of dependence on their bishops.

They broke down the intense narrowness of the life of those feudal times, enlarged men's conceptions and introduced new ideas into their minds.

The whole land is covered with feudal holdings, masters of the levy, police, &c. There is a regular postal system.

But the conditions under which it could arise, casting from itself all foreign and feudal trammels, recognizing its true past in ancient Rome, and reconstructing a civility out of the ruins of those glorious memories, were now at last granted.

The pope was unable to check this revolution, which is now chiefly interesting as further proof of the insurgence of the Latin as against the feudal elements in Italy at this period.

The conflict is a social one, between civic and feudal in.stitution.s, between commercial and military interests, between progress and conservatism.

Whilst Russia, Austria, Prussia and France were becoming powerful monarchies with centralized administration, Poland had remained a weak feudal republic with an elected king chosen under foreign influence and fettered by constitutional restrictions.

The history of the Netherlands from this time forward - with the exception of Flanders, which continued to be a fief of the French kings - is the history of the various feudal states into which the duchy of Lower Lorraine was gradually broken up.